where does saffron come from?

We go to the market and look at to spices shelf, choices a saffron package and buy it. may we ask ourselves where does saffron come from? or what is this saffron package story?

We want to answer your question with analyze the saffron supply chain. each species or any other product that we have on the market has a special story. the king of spices has an interesting story, this spice usually is produced in the east of the world and in dry and hot climates. saffron is a low-requirement water plant and is the hope of the people of the desert.

Let’s have a journey from saffron production to the local shops in your home around and speak a little about saffron supply chain problems.

saffron farm


This is the first step of this journey and is the home of saffron in real. there are multiple countries from the easternmost point of the world to the westernmost point of the world that are in saffron producing and have a role in this industry. but there are some limited countries that are the king of saffron production.

First, we should mention Iran. Iran Is the biggest saffron producer in the world with production of more than 400 tons of saffron per year. Iran is the real house of saffron and has many experienced and skilled farmers, in fact, this is the main capital of Iran in this industry.

After Iran, we have Indian saffron farms that produce about 20 tons of saffron per year. sure you heard Kashmiri saffron brand in the market and probably one of it cause is high activity of Indian saffron marketing group. Indian people are everywhere and naturally try to present their products.

Afghanistan is another saffron brand that we find in the market. saffron production in Afghanistan isn’t much and its amount is lower than 10 tons. of course, this amount of production is under the effect of Iran farms and probably they don’t experience significant growth in production.

Let’s go to China, China is a small saffron producer and a big potential saffron consumer. Chinese people like to plant saffron and want to have a role in the saffron value chain. This desire has been accompanied by government support, and we can predict good growth for Chinese saffron.

European farmers have a good history in saffron cultivation, but some of the problems like as high labor costs in Europe lead to preventing saffron farms’ growth in these areas. saffron farm production in these areas isn’t serious and just done for personal usage.

Of course, Spain has some big saffron-producing areas and produces about 2 tons of saffron per year.

So, we found that Iran is the biggest saffron producer in the world and probably is the source of 90% of world saffron.

Brokerage and trade

Let’s go forward with this chain. brokerage is the second big chain and can determine most of the market trends. in this step, we have some traders countries that buy wholesale saffron and then process it to the famous brands.

UAE is the first on our list. Emirati merchants buy Iranian saffron in the kg package and then divide it into several gram packages. this saffron usually supplies Arab countries’ markets. Saudi Arabia is the largest consumer market for saffron in the Middle East, and most of its saffron is sourced from the UAE.

The second big hub in Spain. Iran saffron farms export 70-80 tons of saffron per year to Spain. Spain is the owner of the biggest saffron brands in the world and supplies the European and American saffron markets.

China is the next big broker, Chinese traders supply East Asian saffron and buy 60 tons of saffron per year from Irans’ saffron farms. this market usually likes super negin saffron type and like the saffron which is dried naturally.

where does saffron come from?


Every shop that sells saffron or its products is a part of the retail section. we have lots of online shops that sell saffron in the 0.5 to 30g saffron package and the people of the world can access it fast and simply. also, there are lots of local saffron distributer in every country that complete this chain.

where does saffron come from?

Also, we have a big family of food services that produce saffron foods, these food are part of saffron products too, and are part of the saffron supply chain. we guess this part of saffron consumers are so low consumption and every time saffron get to be expensive they remove it from their foods menu.

Other important players in this section are the pharmaceutical and health industry activists. there are lots of saffron-based drugs and health care products in the market and they have specific consumption rates in the community.

For example, multiple drugs are created for mens’ sexual disorders and approved by many of the world’s governments. also, we can mention lots of drugs and creams that develop for skin and hair health. all of these products are saffron-based and have some additive agents that increase their efficiency.

saffron supply chain problems

this supply chain is so far from the real and efficient value chain, and for survival must be correct. we receive some messages from rich people that can’t buy saffron for daily usage and also we have saffron farmers that can’t develop their business and have lots of problems with their cost of living.

Rosyrain: I wish I could grow saffron in my yard as I would be a very rich lady. At the grocery stores here you can buy a very tiny glass jar of “hairs” (this is what I call them) and it will run you about $20. The stuff is so expensive that i never buy it.

The Forgotten Farmer

Farmers are the missed part of saffron supply chains and this worries us all. it’s better every consumer know that who plant their foods and who is back of these efforts. this can be very simple, we need just a mention of the producer and its identity.

We are talking about a small relationship between producer and consumer. Communication as a name or identity.

The high price of saffron

This is clear that every farmer wants to sell its products for higher prices and this is good, but in this case, the farmers don’t earn profits and probably some brokers are owners of everything. also, this saffron price leads to reduce the level of public access to saffron.

We have some solutions for these and other saffron supply chain problems and we hope to provide them at the right time. we need some partners in this way and we hope we can count on you.

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