What are Saffron Threads Exactly?

Saffron threads are the heart and main product of saffron flowers and if you look at these flowers you can see some red strands that are saffron threads. Crocus Sativus produce saffron flowers and these flowers produce saffron threads, this is the commercial product that we see in the market.

Saffron isn’t a common agricultural product and it has clear stories, legends, and messages. we don’t create these things for saffron, these messages have been created over the last few thousand years. When I asked a farmer about his feeling of saffron, he said to me:

My family plant saffron for centuries and our mission was saving water and create some job for our young people, so we try to use of human resource instead of automated machine. This is message of saffron, Peace and Happiness for everyone and try to saving water.

let’s get more acquainted with saffron threads.

Saffron Threads Structure

Saffron flower is the main product of saffron farms and if you look at these flowers, you can see 3 main parts:

  1. Stigma (red)
  2. Saffron petals (purple)
  3. Flag (yellow)

Stigma (Saffron Threads)

Saffron threads actually are the stigma of saffron flowers and the color of them is red. Saffron stigmas consist of 3 parts that contain red part, yellow and white part. The red part has high amounts of crocin and this subject is the reason for the saffron color.

The value of each saffron product back to the rate of crocin in the stigma. For example, the super Negin type of saffron only has the red part of saffron stigma and the rate of crocin in this type is more than 290 and as a result, the power of coloring in this type of saffron is very high.

The natural saffron threads have an irregular stigma and aren’t so shiny. If saffron processing is natural and done with handy methods, the ultimate product will be original and beautiful.

saffron threads

Saffron petals are another important part of saffron products that have some uses in industry and pharmacology. recent researches show that saffron petal has some inspiring benefits that forced us to change our view about it.

Saffron flags are the third part of flowers and until now, they have been discarded without any use. But some experts have some sign of flags’ benefits and their valuable ingredients and recommend drying and using them, we need more information for creating a commercial product.

Saffron Threads Types

All of the saffron types have been created from saffron stigma and converting saffron stigma to each of these saffron types occurs in the saffron cleaning process. Determining saffron price depends on this process, for example for producing 1kg of Negin saffron we need 80-100kg of saffron flowers.

This volume of saffron flowers needs 20 workers and a complete working day. Maybe this is one of the reasons for the high price of saffron.

Of course, we can refer to time limitation in harvesting saffron, we have just 3 days for harvesting each of flowers and just a few hours for the best quality and if occur something in this time we can’t do anything for the farm. We speak about hard rain or hard snow, of course, these can’t damage our products but probably we can’t harvest them and products get spoiled.

saffron threads

Saffron root is the white part of saffron threads, this part of stigma doesn’t have the power of coloring and this means is the low crocin rate in this type of saffron. In contrast to the low color power of saffron root, it has lots of saffron benefits and is a new pharmacological target in the pharmaceutical industry.

Saffron root can use in various foods, drugs, and other common food products. Forget the beautiful color of saffron for some minute and just think about its magic benefits.

Drying Saffron Threads

Flowers come up in the early morning and we must harvest them in some hour and if we don’t harvest them, their quality goes to decrease step by step, and ultimately our product gets destroyed. This is one of our main risks in saffron planting when the product is humid, it can be destroyed and if it gets dried we can store it for years.

When the initial product of saffron harvesting, the product is wet and should be dried (wet = 8%) to be suited for storing and using. The saffron dryer machine does this work and reduces the humidity of saffron products, also, we can use traditional methods by sunshine, this method lasts 2 or 3 days.

saffron threads

Saffron Threads Benefits

Each part of the saffron thread has specific benefits. for example, the red part has lots of good ingredients such as antioxidants, vitamins, and rare minerals. The rate of crocin in the up of stigma is the highest rate and in the bottom of stigma has a very low rate, maybe this is the reason of price difference in 2 parts of saffron stigma.

Saffron benefits are clear for everyone but if we want to define some of the saffron benefits we can refer to:

How to Use Saffron Threads

There are lots of saffron products in the market and each of them has a specific product consumption recipe, but now we want to define how to use saffron threads. Whenever you want to use the saffron threads only pick up the amount you need in this time and don’t pick up more.

10 to 15 threads are enough for 4 people in a meal, take a sugar cube and grind saffron with it. When saffron and sugar cube are powdered you can brew saffron. This is easy, we should chop and brew saffron to release its ingredients, then we can use brewed saffron in our foods and drinks such as saffron milk.

How many Saffron Threads per Flower?

Most saffron flowers have 3 saffron threads and sometimes and by the effect of mutation we have 4 or 5 threads in flowers.

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