We can plant saffron in our home and garden or in our farm. If we plant saffron bulbs in land so we have economic target and the rate of saffron production is so important. One main factor in saffron farm productivity is Saffron irrigation methods.
Quality of Saffron irrigation determine the rate of saffron production. enough water in the right time can increase saffron bulbs propagative and ultimately saffron production.
I remember when we used traditional water system our efficiency was very lower in comparison to the time we using modern water system. using modern water system + appropriate Saffron irrigation = increases 40% in our productivity.
Saffron irrigation in summer
the main rule is don’t water in summer. I know Saffron irrigation in summer can increase humidity of saffron bulbs but in real I am talking about fungi and ticks that harm them too. so confident me and don’t water in summer.
high temperature in summer + water = saffron bulbs harm
Saffron irrigation at Home scale
saffron planting at home, garden, pots and container is a little different to planting saffron in farm. we have 2 growing season for saffron, fall and winter. the best strategy is 1 time water per month and in rainy month no water.
saffron is not like the other plant and don’t need much water. just do this regime and Feel comfortable.
Saffron irrigation at Farm scale
saffron irrigation in farm have specific sensitivities that we should to consider them. the former rule is Credible here too and we should ignore summer water.
the first irrigation is in early fall and should be deep and enough. this water help to wake up the saffron bulbs and help to increase of saffron product. the first irrigation must be done before starting rain in fall.
if this water do before than fall we will see the growing of saffron leaves and the process of harvesting saffron would be so hard. thus do this water on time and in the first decade of fall. water in the best time can help to increase of saffron farm product and can decrease the harvesting saffron hardness.
this water name in Iran is “zaj water”. the first water after harvesting of saffron flowers is zaj water. this irrigation do in late of harvest process and binding with fertilizing work. the exact time of this water back to weather condition. but if we want say a time, we can say 20 of November.
harvesting time in hot areas is on the late of fall and harvest time in the cool areas is in median of fall. second irrigation must be done exact after harvesting saffron and the volume of this water is one third of the first irrigation.
third and fourth irrigation
the third saffron irrigation do at winter and volume of water back to mount of Winter rainfall. if you have good rainy and snowy winter don’t need this irrigation. this water help to propagative of saffron bulbs and can increase the future product of the farm. the middle of January is a good time for this water.
fourth saffron irrigation is like the third and it’s not necessary. if you haven’t good rain in winter you can do this water. don’t forget, our target is decrease of water consumption and increase of productivity.
Important points of saffron irrigation
- notice to weather temperature and do saffron irrigation in low average temperature. (about 12 centigrade)
- don’t water saffron in summer
- There is nothing better than rain, rain is best saffron irrigation method.
- use modern water system to saffron irrigation and decrease water wasting
- when you do saffron planting in summer your saffron don’t need any water. let it be dry and water it in early fall.