Saffron growing condition is the complex of thing that helps us to decrease the risk of our investment in growing saffron. Improving or modifying any of these can increase the yield of our saffron farm many times over. So notice these tips and compare them with your possibilities.
Saffron Growing Condition
Providing good soil for saffron is important and do you know why?
We plant common agriculture products every year and the crop cultivation period is one year, but Crocus Sativus is not this like and its corms remain in the soil for 7, 10, or even 20 years. So, we can’t plow the farm every year and we can’t access the depth of the farm easily.
To choose the right land and soil for planting saffron, you should pay attention to these points.
- The soil should not be salty. (EC < 2000 is excellent)
- Clear the soil of weeds and debris before planting
- The best soil is the soil having 30% pebbles and clay and 30% silt
- Use well-drained soil for planting
We have also obtained the tips and compositions of the optimal fertilizer for planting saffron, which we have discussed in other articles on the site.
2. Water Requirements
Saffron plant is low requirement water and just needed 2-4 times water in its growing season. Crocus Sativus can survive in drought and water shortage conditions and this subject make it a popular agricultural opportunity in low-water and desert areas.
Our observation and experiments show that a hectare saffron farm needs about 300 mm or 3000 m3 water per year. This amount of water can supply by rainfall in some of the areas and we have not any problem in providing it. Of course, in accounting for this volume we consider average water evaporation, not the exact amount and other effective factors.
The important and interesting thing about saffron water is that the main steps of saffron water do in fall and winter and at this time we haven’t any crops on our farm and we can use water for saffron without any worries. So, if you have low water on your farm or on your neighbor’s farm, you can use it and plant saffron bulbs on your farm.
Growing saffron is a good opportunity for the farmers that plant crops in summer and want to have an extra income in fall and winter. You can assign part of your farms for planting saffron, maybe someday saffron growing converts to your first income stream.
3. WorkForce & Tools
The most important and sensitive time in the saffron planting process is harvesting saffron. We plant saffron bulbs in a time and harvest saffron flowers for seven years, so this is not a very important issue. but, we should harvest saffron every year and in a short and limited time period.
The saffron harvesting process takes long usually 10 days and in this time we should harvest, clean, and dry saffron threads. We can do this process by 2 models: The traditional model by human force and the mechanical model by the machines.
In the traditional method, we need an average of 10 people for the saffron harvesting process and after that, we just need one person for managing saffron farms. In the mechanical and modern method, we just need one or two people for harvesting and managing farms.
Tip: Notice that in the first year of saffron planting you don’t need a significant workforce and you can do it by yourself and your relative. Because the first year is the year of bulbs compatibility and you probably won’t have many products to harvest.
This can help you to learn work tricks and be familiar with Crocus Sativus behavior.
The minimum temperature that saffron bulbs can tolerate is – 35 degrees and without severe cold shock, we wouldn’t have a serious problem. If we have a cold shock or under 35 degrees temperature we have some solutions for overcoming them.
We can do the greenhouse saffron cultivation method for providing good conditions for saffron blooming and decreasing bad weather effects on our bulbs and products. Also, there are tricks North American farmers use to reduce the effects of the cold and we shared them in other blog posts.
Saffron corms can tolerate the high temperature to +45 and above this temperature, the bulbs are in danger of pests and disease. Of course, this scale and temperature range is based on specific weather but we can extend it to the whole farms by making some changes to it.
Let us refer to this graf again…
What do you see in this picture?
In short and in general, the best climate for saffron planting is an area with warm summers and mild winters. but this is not enough for screening areas and states. we want to say, everything is relative and we do have no rules, but there are some points that can help us to choose the better climate for growing saffron.
- It seems the best yield of saffron farms is 1100 – 2500 above sea level and at lower altitudes, it will be difficult to get the desired result.
- The high average temperature in winter is not good for saffron. Starting the growing phase in this plant needs some under zero temperature day in the fall and whatever the length of winter get longer, we will have better products.
- The presence of snow and rain in the three seasons of autumn, winter, and spring is excellent for saffron and leads to increased productivity. But heavy rainfall (more than 30 ml) in the second and third months of summer is harmful to the plant.
There are experimental solutions for many saffron planting problems and there are no worries for you. If you are interested in planting saffron in your garden or your farm we can help you to do this simply.
The last word
We shared some of Saffron Growing Condition with you in this post and absolutely this is not enough to start a saffron growing business, but it can help you to have an overview about this work and if you are interested to know more about saffron planting, you can refer to our other blog posts or contact us.