The saffron flower is the product of Crocus Sativus plants and it is the mother of saffron spice. This species of the Crocus family is growing in the fall and can produce saffron flowers as a valuable product. Other types of this family can grow in another month of the year and some of them can have products too.
these flowers growing in all over the world and don’t have limitations in cultivation. Of course, the common and important type of these flowers is saffron flowers that are planted in every garden and farm all over the world. Let’s get some information about saffron flowers and their components.
Saffron Flower Seeds
Crocus Sativus bulbs are the seeds’ of saffron flowers. if we plant saffron bulbs in the soil for once, we can harvest flowers for 7 years. As you see in the below picture saffron flower seed can be in various sizes and if it is more than 8g, it can produce the flower.
These seeds are Crocus Sativus seeds and growth in autumn, other Crocus family members can grow in other months of the year and we can see them in nature all over the year.
Saffron Flower Components
Every saffron flower has 3 main parts. Saffron petals, saffron threads, and flags.
Every saffron flower has 6 petals. These petals are edible and we can use them as herbal tea or health products. This part of flowers has multiple benefits for our health and according to their low cost, we can use them for processing new health and food products.
saffron petals in natural are humid and if we want to use or store them, we should dry them. In the dry process, we should decrease saffron petals’ humidity to 8%. Also, this process leads to a decrease in their volume and we can use or store them easily.
saffron threads are the main products of Crocus Sativus and are used as saffron in the market. Every saffron threads have 3 segments.
- the red part
- yellow part
- saffron root
Saffron threads components are separated in the saffron clean process and produce various saffron types. Whatever saffron products have more red parts and don’t have the yellow or white part it is more worthwhile.
some of the saffron types that divided from saffron threads are as follows:
- Super Negin
- Screw Girl
saffron flags are the yellow part of saffron flowers and don’t commonly used and are usually thrown away.
Pictures of Saffron Flowers
This photo is one of the most beautiful images possible in relation to saffron. Thanks for Benyamin Bohlouli.